Rivista Internazionale di Scienze Sociali Vendita articoli e abbonamenti

RIVISTA INTERNAZIONALE DI SCIENZE SOCIALI

Research In Social Sciences
Established in 1893 and published by the Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, it has for a long time been involved in the field of social sciences and in particular economics. Through the publication of different scientific works by Italian and foreign authors, it aims to provide readers with an extensive insight into all the different areas of economics, as well as scientific debates taking place in Italy and abroad.

Submitted manuscripts are peer-reviewed

ISSN carta: 0035-676X
ISSN digitale: 1827-7918

In this issue

SUMMARY

Introduction
by Simona Beretta, Paolo Rizzi pages: 4 Download

ARTICLES

Development as Human Flourishing and Mutual Care: The Role of Accompanying
by Alessandra Gerolin pages: 9 € 6.00
Abstract
This contribution will focus on development from an anthropological and moral point of view. Development concerns human flourishing, which cannot take place apart from friendship, understood as love for common goods. Relationships of accompanying incarnate a specific form of friendship with ‘significant others’ able to recognize our inner  value, to activate our deep desires and to enhance a practice of freedom as the capacity to recognize and reach the good. Development requires the presence of ‘networks of giving and receiving’ in which human beings, at different stages of development, take care of each other according to their resources, talents and skills. The social  sciences therefore need to be informed by a relational anthropology rooted – rather than within individualistic and atomistic anthropologies – in common identities called ‘we-identities’. The latter are not based on contingent, public or convergent goods but on common goods that make that original unity (‘we’) something undecomposable.
Tertiary Education for Indigenous Students. A Case Study on Institutional Relational Proximity
by Sara Balestri, Simona Beretta, Mathias E.A. Nebel pages: 28 € 6.00
Abstract
Gaps in access and completion rates in Indigenous tertiary education are widespread and reportedly difficult to tackle. Following a survey of national experiences, with a  special focus on Mexico, the paper explores Apuesta de Futuro (AF), a scholarship programme for Indigenous students by the Universidad Popular Auto´noma del Estado de  Puebla (UPAEP, Puebla, Mexico) where individual educational achievements and community perspectives are intertwined by design. This programme has achieved remarkable  completion rates for Indigenous students, above the overall rate for UPAEP students. A possible explanation for AF success is the strong emphasis on accompaniment of AF  students, in terms of individual academic support and in promoting development in their communities of origin. As a proxy for accompaniment, the paper longitudinally explores the relational proximity of AF and non-AF students to the university, showing a stronger increase in relational proximity for AF students as compared to non-AF students.
The Challenge of Accompanying Refugees in Career Development
by Giovanni Umberto Aresi, Diego Boerchi, Laura Frigerio pages: 17 € 6.00
Abstract
This study investigates the limits of job accompaniment if focuses exclusively on placement in the labour market and not on building a career that generates satisfaction and  facilitates inclusion. Experienced career counselling fosters the development of quality vocational interests, focusing on how refugees’ learning experiences shape their self- efficacy perceptions and outcome expectations within the host country. Despite refugees being exposed to numerous experiences, the analysis reveals a underutilization of  these opportunities to develop congruent self-efficacy perceptions and realistic outcome expectations. It turns out that many refugees struggle recognizing their competencies and understanding the Italian labour market, leading to limited professional interests. Findings suggest a crucial need for targeted accompaniment to aid  refugees in recognizing their skills, navigating the labour market, and aligning their career aspirations with realistic opportunities. Enhancing career guidance can bridge the gap between refugees’ skills and labour market demands, facilitating smoother integration and fulfilling their professional potential.
Accompanying to Escape Poverty: The Power of Social Inclusion
by Barbara Barabaschi, Davide Marchettini, Paolo Rizzi pages: 24 € 6.00
Abstract
In recent years, the debate on the issues of hardship and social inclusion has focused above all on policies to combat poverty through economic subsidies and income support. In this paper, we instead analyse experiences of social inclusion through a survey on the work reintegration projects promoted by the Italian Caritas, to understand  the success factors and the constraints of projects not based on direct economic subsidy. Even though the evaluation of the outcomes is difficult, the results highlight the  ability of these experiences to ‘regenerate’ people in economic and social difficulty. The most important aspects of accompaniment for achieving this independence are the  number of volunteers involved, the density of the network of organizations that contribute to the project, the number of professional operators and the overall expenditure of the project.
The Role of Professional Training in Working Out of Poverty
by Barbara Barabaschi, Paolo Rizzi pages: 20 € 6.00
Abstract
The purpose of this paper is to understand the role of professional training in job placement and to verify the effect of ‘accompaniment’ and ‘orientation’ processes  implemented by a training institution (Enaip) on the ex-post outcomes of the training activities. Specific attention was paid to young students who live in conditions of  economic or social poverty. The research highlights that the quality of accompaniment and orientation is decisive in the case of professional training aimed at young people  leaving secondary school. In particular, Enaip’s personalized approach targeted at disadvantaged categories to positive outcomes not only because it satisfies demand from  companies for manual and operational skills and profiles, but also because it does not discriminate between young people from backgrounds of economic disadvantage and  other types of hardship. In this way, training courses act as a ‘rebalancer’ capable of empowering young people.
Caring for Human Capital: Some Issues in a Historical Perspective
by Nicola Martinelli, Luigi Alberto Benincaso, Andrea Maria Locatelli pages: 20 € 6.00
Abstract
This article uses the historical method to analyse three case studies of support initiatives for individuals transitioning out of marginalization that were implemented in different contexts and periods. The first analysis concerns a case of ‘proto-microcredit’ in the province of Bergamo at the end of the 19th century. The second examines a path of  support through school-work integration in post-war Milan. Finally, the third discusses a development cooperation project initiated in Central America at the beginning of the  2000s. The analogies between these very different initiatives highlight common underlying elements, allowing us to uncover the constraints and opportunities that characterize them. Moreover, the comparison highlights the influence exerted by the broader context in determining the outcome of these projects of emancipation. These are issues that can also raise questions for those currently designing similar pathways to help people escape poverty.

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