Tutti i libri editi da Vita e Pensiero - libri Rivista internazionale di Scienze Sociali (547)

Vita e Pensiero

La competizione tra le città : aspetti teorici e implicazioni di politica economica digital La competizione tra le città : aspetti teorici e implicazioni di politica economica
Year: 2006
The aim of the paper it to explore the theoretical foundation of the competition among cities in order to derive policy implications for both national and local public policy makers. First we analyse the evolution of the concept of competitions among cities, starting from the static view of the central place theory (spatial monopoly) until the networking approach and the dynamic view of urban structure. In this respect, a special emphasis is given to the role of innovation in urban competition. In order to measure urban competition, the SWOT analysis is proposed and discussed. Finally the paper focus on policy instruments for increasing urban competitiveness, especially on strategic planning.
€ 6.00
Ritorno alle Riduzioni digital Ritorno alle Riduzioni
Year: 2006
In one of his earlier articles, Giancarlo Mazzocchi argued that the Paraguay Reductions could not be considered communist since they showed an evolution towards more independent work on plots entrusted to individual families. But he did not give any evidence of this surmised evolution. Indeed, the historian Eberhard Gothein offered a compelling reason why this could not happen. Work on public and private plots had to be monitored, and it was almost impossible to monitor work performed on private plots. The Reductions can be seen as arising from an implicit contract whereby the Guarany tribes yielded sovereignty to the Jesuit leaders, in exchange for (i) safety from the Spanish colonists and (ii) subsistence. Thus subsistence for the Guaranis become a basic, public task of the Reductions. Thus considered, the «Guarany republics» do qualify as communistic. That education was also carried out publicly, thus engendering an «ethical state», is another concurrent consideration.
€ 6.00
Lo studioso di politiche dei redditi digital Lo studioso di politiche dei redditi
Year: 2006
Giancarlo Mazzocchi gave important scientific contributions in the field of anti-inflationary policies. In particular he stressed the important role of incomes policy in keeping cost pressure under control. He also stressed the necessity of combining incomes policies with other instruments of economic policy, such as measures directed to improve the functioning of product and labour markets. More competitive product markets and more flexible labour markets are necessary conditions for an incomes policy to be successful. He then analysed the different methods of linking wages to productivity in a dynamic environment and he showed how a «norm» of uniform wage increases can compress wage differentials and produce negative effects on labour mobility.
€ 6.00
Investimenti, autofinanziamento e teoria del ciclo economico digital Investimenti, autofinanziamento e teoria del ciclo economico
Year: 2006
The paper examines Mazzocchi’s contribution to the theory of business cycles, focusing the attention on the role of investment and cash flow. By referring to his very first contributions, a nonlinear model of business cycle is developed where the role of cash flow and of different dividend policy can have an impact on the fluctuations of the economy. Finally, the presence of uncertainty qualifies the results.
€ 6.00
I modelli dell’assistenza allo sviluppo: dal financing gap al policy gap nei Paesi beneficiari digital I modelli dell’assistenza allo sviluppo: dal financing gap al policy gap nei Paesi beneficiari
Year: 2006
Still-to-day «financing gap models» are currently utilized to calculate the need of foreign resources to fill the gap between the required investment and available resources in the short-run. The macroeconomic rationale for aid relates to its ability to increase domestic savings (savings gap), foreign exchange (external gap) and government revenue (fiscal gap) in order to achieve the target growth rate. Yet, financial gap growth models fail the large majority of the empirical tests performed since the early nineties. The new paradigm argues that aid is effective to close the gap in the long-run only if domestic policies are appropriate to mobilize domestic private savings, to create a macroenvironment conducive to export growth/import substitution and to improve public expenditure management (policy gap models).
€ 6.00
Università di massa e formazione scientifica: una struttura utopica digital Università di massa e formazione scientifica: una struttura utopica
Year: 2006
The Italian university system has progressively evolved from a university for few to a mass university. Its productive structure has only partially adapted to such evolution: a growing supply is accompanied by a large number of dropouts. Traditionally, a state run university system requires all units to operate with the same output mix, inclusive of general education and higher education. The result is poor resource allocation in face of the many and diverse objectives of university education. One better, utopian system, envisages a large number of universities devoted to general education and a small number supplying higher education. General education at the undergraduate level would be provided according to merit-oriented admittance rules. Teaching would adjust to the different talents of the students and thus reduce the number of dropouts. Differentiation in the supply mix of different universities is a necessary condition to reach the social objectives of mass education and development of individual talents.
€ 6.00
Il trasporto pubblico locale: studio di una caso in una prospettiva storica digital Il trasporto pubblico locale: studio di una caso in una prospettiva storica
Year: 2006
The present phase of liberalization of local public transport in European countries and in Italy marks the end of a cycle which began at the turn between XIX and XX centuries. After a summary of its developments in European countries and in the United States, we look carefully at its developments in Italy, where they have been overlapping for most time with the institution of Municipal firms. We rely heavily on a case study, on the ground that it could shed light on the rest of the sector. The paper concludes with some conclusions relevant for the present policy debate on local public transport in Italy.
€ 6.00
I differenziali salariali tra mercato e regolazione digital I differenziali salariali tra mercato e regolazione
Year: 2006
The scientific contribution of Giancarlo Mazzocchi paid particular attention to the analysis of wage determination and wage differentials within the functioning of the labour market. In this note we intend to review the main features characterising the lines of research of Mazzocchi with particular reference to his contribution to labour studies and wage determination. At the same time, we shall attempt to link the main issues emerging from the old debate to the new perspectives on labour market research.
€ 6.00
Multi-Agent and Common Agency Games with Complete Information: A Survey digital Multi-Agent and Common Agency Games with Complete Information: A Survey
Year: 2005
This paper provides a general overview of the literature on multi-principal multi-agent games with complete information. The analysis compares standard models with more recent results and reviews possible applications of these games.
€ 6.00
Point-System Driving Licence: Was it Really Necessary? digital Point-System Driving Licence: Was it Really Necessary?
Year: 2005
In Italy, in July 2003, a new highway code came into force. Among other things, it posits a «revolutionary » point-system driving licence. This paper analyses optimal punishment schemes and shows that a simpler policy intervention, such as a dynamic increase in the size of the pecuniary sanctions, could have induced the same outcome.
€ 6.00

Enter the code to activate the service.