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Is immigration necessary for Italy? Is it desirable?

newdigital Is immigration necessary for Italy? Is it desirable?
Article
journal RIVISTA INTERNAZIONALE DI SCIENZE SOCIALI
issue RIVISTA INTERNAZIONALE DI SCIENZE SOCIALI - 2019 - 2
title Is immigration necessary for Italy? Is it desirable?
author
publisher Vita e Pensiero
format Article | Pdf
online since 10-2019
doi 10.26350/000518_000028
issn 0035-676X (print) | 1827-7918 (digital)
€ 6.00

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A peculiarity of the Italian socio-economic model is the pathological coexistence of migrants undertaking low value-added activities with a large number of natives out of employment (particularly in the South). Perpetuating this model consolidates an ample underclass of poor migrants, thus fueling inequalities and social tensions. It also feeds the discontent among low-income Italians who cannot find acceptable jobs and therefore ask for assistance. The net lifetime contribution to the public finances of migrants precariously employed in badly-paid jobs is unlikely to be positive.Moreover, an abundance of migrants, largely unskilled and with a low reservation wage, favours the ‘‘lock-in’’ of the Italian economy along its current trajectory, characterised by relatively few technologically advanced firms. The policies advocated here should increase the natives’ employment rate by making activities now undertaken by migrants more appealing, in the expectation that easier access to acceptable jobs would raise the fertility rate among young Italians.

keywords

Migrants, Employment rate, Natives’ fertility rate, Lifetime fiscal contribution, Structural change

Author biography

University of Trento. Email: luigi.bonatti@unitn.it.