The aim of this paper is to examine the impact of flexicurity upon Italian regional labour market performance in the employment of disabled people. For this purpose, we implement a two step analysis by using Italian regional data for the period 2006-2011. In the first step, we verify by means of three flexicurity indices that Northern and Central regions show a higher degree of flexicurity than Southern regions. In the second phase of our analysis, we verify by estimating an augmented matching function that flexicurity increases the probability of finding employment for a disabled person. In particular, we test that the flexicurity indicator that gives more weight to the economic independence of disabled people represents the in dicator that most favors the labour matching process.
Not in Education, Employment or Training (NEET) young people are an emerging at-risk-of-social exclusion group in contemporary society. The present research aimed to investigate NEETs’ sociodemographic characteristics and some variables crucial in the transition to adulthood: perceptions about the future job opportunities, their desire to start a family, perceptions about the future, trust in the institutions and social participation. We also aimed to compare NEET and non-NEET young people on these variables to understand what are the determinants of their political and social commitment. Results on a study led to 8112 Italians, aged between 19-29, show that NEETs and non-NEETs are not evenly distributed in the country and by gender. NEETs are generally youngsters desiring to start a family, but with low levels of trust in the future, in other people and in institutions. As part of their risk of social exclusion, they have lower rates of social participation.
Competitiveness is the goal of country and regional strategies of development, but it’s also the main focus of several scientific analyses, ranging from strictly economic approaches to evolutionary and holistic points of view. The objective of the paper is to analyse the complex concept of sustainable competitiveness, starting from a multidimensional approach, with output and driver variables. In this paper the focus is on output of competitiveness which is defined by the concept of virtuosity, broken down into the three pillars of sustainability. This model is novel compared to previous theoretical frameworks, which primarily focus on competitiveness output in terms of production and income, or don’t take into sufficient account the distinction between output and driver variables. The approach is applied to the case of European regions, to get a map of regional virtuosity, with some unexpected regions, able to balance the economic, social and environmental dimensions of sustainability.
An increasing number of scholars argue that income inequality is related to institutional and cultural factors, as well as economic ones. I rely on Mancur Olson (1965)’s theories on the effect of group activities on economic performance to explore the possible link between the number of special-interest groups (SIGs) and the level of income inequality in a country, including SIGs among the long-run determinants of income inequality. Thus, assuming incomplete group formation, the paper investigates whether the number of SIGs in a country is related with the value of income inequality as expressed by the Gini index. The analysis is carried on through panel fixed-effects regressions on a sample of observationson on 48 countries in the period 1985-2005. The results identify a non-linear relationship between the number of SIGs and income inequality, suggesting that SIGs tend to lower inequality at lower levels of income, but increase it in high income countries.