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The ‘‘Big 5’’ Personality Traits and Union Membership: An Empirical Analysis

digital The ‘‘Big 5’’ Personality Traits and Union Membership:
An Empirical Analysis
Article
journal RIVISTA INTERNAZIONALE DI SCIENZE SOCIALI
section Open Access
title The ‘‘Big 5’’ Personality Traits and Union Membership: An Empirical Analysis
authors
publisher Vita e Pensiero
format Article | Pdf
online since 06-2020
doi 10.26350/000518_000040
issn 0035-676X (print) | 1827-7918 (digital)
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We study how individuals with different personality traits exhibit different personal propensity to unionise. While traditional models of trade union membership state that workers are rational decision makers and highlight benefits and costs of union membership, a growing literature investigates the effect of other factors on individuals’ decisions. The ‘‘Exit-Voice’’ framework allows us to discuss whether individuals’ decision to unionise depends on values and beliefs. We consider a sample of individuals and workers from Lombardy. We find that higher conscientious and agreeable individuals show higher personal propensity to unionise; conversely, high neurotics and high open individuals have lower propensity. Finally, we show that differences in personal propensity to unionize between individuals with high and low levels of openness and extraversion are largely mediated by individual observable characteristics, while differences in agreeableness, conscientiousness and neuroticism cannot be explained by observable factors.

keywords

Trade unions, Non cognitive skills, Exit-voice mechanism.

Authors biography

Department of Economics and Finance, Università Cattolica. Email Lucifora: claudio.lucifora@unicatt.it. Email Sturaro: caterina.sturaro@unibg.it.