Italian Catholic Social Thought from the Mid-19th Century to the Early 20th Century and the Debate on Solidarity and Subsidiarity - Stefano Figuera, Andrea Pacella - Vita e Pensiero - Articolo Rivista internazionale di Scienze Sociali

Italian Catholic Social Thought from the Mid-19th Century to the Early 20th Century and the Debate on Solidarity and Subsidiarity

digital Italian Catholic Social Thought from the Mid-19th Century
to the Early 20th Century and the Debate on Solidarity
and Subsidiarity
Article
journal RIVISTA INTERNAZIONALE DI SCIENZE SOCIALI
issue RIVISTA INTERNAZIONALE DI SCIENZE SOCIALI - 2021 - 3
title Italian Catholic Social Thought from the Mid-19th Century to the Early 20th Century and the Debate on Solidarity and Subsidiarity
Authors ,
Publisher Vita e Pensiero
format Article | Pdf
online since 11-2021
doi 10.26350/000518_000072
issn 0035-676X (print) | 1827-7918 (digital)
€ 6.00

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Between the 19th and 20th centuries, the growing social question prompted Italian Catholic circles to reflect on capitalism, its results, and the correction of its dysfunctions. A crucial step came with the rise of neo-Thomism and the  work of Luigi Taparelli d’Azeglio, who saw subsidiarity as a fundamental principle in shaping state intervention. Two approaches then arose: one linked to Curci that was more historically and theoretically based, and the other, with  Liberatore among its main exponents, more focused on an analysis from the viewpoint of natural law. While Curci was aware of the difficulties of a solidaristic solution to the distributive disparities among the social classes,  Liberatore interpreted solidarity in terms of charity. This latter approach prevailed, also influencing the formulation of Rerum Novarum. A decisive input came from Toniolo, who presented a more articulated vision of the solidarity principle and  contributed to the organic formulation of the subsidiarity principle.

keywords

Catholic Social Thought, Italian Economic Thought, Solidarity, Subsidiarity, State

Authors biography

Stefano Figuera, Andrea Pacella, Universita` di Catania, Dipartimento di Giurisprudenza. Email Figuera: sfiguera@lex.unict.it. Email Pacella: apacella@lex.unict.it.